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Date(s) - 19/10/2016
All Day


Name: _________________________                    Section 2: The Incas: People of the Sun

  1. Cuzco: capital of the Incan empire
  2. Topa Inca: emperor of the Incas, who expanded their empire
  3. Census: an official count of all the people in an area
  4. Quipu: knotted strings on which the Incas recorded information
  5. Aqueduct: a pipe or channel that carries water from a distant source

The Rise of the Incas

Incas settled in Cuzco, a village in the Andes that became the Incan capital city.

Most Incas were farmers. Pachacuti was the ruler of the Incas. His son, Topa Inca, later became emperor of the Incas

Incan Civilization

*They were farmers, builders, and managers. Cuzco was the center of government, trade, learning, and religion.  The nobles helped run the government.

Government and Records

The government was carefully organized.  Although, Incas didn’t have a written language, government officials and traders used quipus to record information.

Roads, Bridges, and Aqueducts

*The Incas built roads and bridges and these roads went over very mountainous land.  The road system helped the Incas to govern their vast empire.

*The Incas also built canals and aqueducts to carry water to dry areas.

Incan Buildings

The Incas were master builders. They built cities, places, temples, and fortresses without modern tools.


Incas worshipped many gods and practiced human sacrifice.

The Quechua: Descendants of the Incas

The Spanish conquered the Incan empire in the 1500s.  The descendants still live in the area today and speak Quechua, the Incan language.

Essay question #1****The major achievements of the Incas were that they had a well-organized government; earthquake-proof buildings; roads and bridges; canals and aqueducts; the quipu.

Essay question #2**** Which of the Incan achievements do you think was most important in creating their large and rich empire? Explain your choice in a paragraph.  Give at least two reasons for your choice.