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Date(s) - 27/09/2016
All Day


Math: pages 85 and 86

ELA: page 23 all

Study for SS Ch11 Sec 3


Study Health Lesson 5 on Stress

Unit 1: Lesson 5   “Reduce That Stress”


*I will have a plan for stress.

*I will bounce back from hard times.



  1. Stress: the body’s reactions to the demands of daily living.
  2. Stressor: something that causes stress.
  3. Eustress: a health response to a stressor
  4. Distress: unsuccessful coping or a harmful response to a stressor.
  5. Stress management skills: ways to reduce harmful effects of body changes caused by a stressor.
  6. Positive attitude: a positive way of thinking and seeing things; In other words you must focus on what is there, not what is gone or what you are without.
  7. Support network: the group of people who care about you.

*** List four ways to bounce back from hard times.

  1. Keep a positive attitude.
  2. Depend on your support network.
  3. Protect your health.
  4. Do not use risk behaviors to cope.

Stress management skills:

  1. Plan your time well.
  2. Talk to a parent, guardian, or other trusted adult.
  3. Spend time with friends.
  4. Get plenty of physical activity.
  5. Eat a healthful, well-balanced diet.
  6. Stay away from foods and drinks that contain caffeine.
  7. Write about the cause of your stress in a journal.


*Situations can cause you to feel excited, nervous, sad, worried, or tired.  These kinds of emotions are signs of stress.


*Hard times happen to everyone, not just you. You cannot control everything that happens to you but you can control how you respond to hard times.


*Stressors can add up: stressor + stressor + stressor = disease


*When you experience a stressor your heart beats faster, your glands release sugar into your bloodstream and you have more energy.



  1. What body changes occur if you get stressed out?
  2. Your glands release sugar into your bloodstream.
  3. You have more energy.
  4. Your heart beats faster.
  5. Your breathing rate increases.
  6. More blood flows to your muscles to help you more.
  7. Your hands might become moist.


  1. What happens if you experience Eustress?

Eustress is a healthful response to a stressor.  Body changes help you perform well. These body changes are not severe.  They do not last longer than they are needed.

What happens if you experience distress?

Distress is unsuccessful coping or a harmful response to a stressor.  Body changes that happen are severe.  They get in the way of how you perform.

  1. What does it mean to say “stressors add up”?

Smaller stressors as well as major stressors can affect health.   Health experts say that several smaller stressors can add up and have the same effects as a major stressor.

  1. What are some stress management skills to protect your health if you get stressed out?
  2. Plan your time well.
  3. Talk to a parent, guardian, or other trusted adult.
  4. Spend time with friends.
  5. Get plenty of physical activity.
  6. Eat a healthful, well-balanced diet.
  7. Stay away from foods and drinks that contain caffeine.
  8. Write about the cause of your stress in a journal.


  1. What are ways you can bounce back from hard times?
  2. Keep a positive attitude.
  3. Depend on your support network.
  4. Protect your health.
  5. Do not use risk behavior to cope.



Chapter 11: Latin America

Physical Geography


  1. Middle America: Mexico and Central America
  2. Plateau*: a large raised area of mostly level land
  3. Isthmus*: a strip of land with water on both sides that joins two larger bodies of land
  4. Pampas*: flat grasslands in South America
  5. Rain forest: a dense evergreen forest that has abundant rainfall year-round
  6. Amazon River: a long river in northern South America
  7. Tributary*: a river or stream that flows into a larger river


  1. In the Western Hemisphere, south of the United States
  2. Mexico and Central America; the Caribbean; South America
  3. The Central Plateau
  4. Coral and the tops of underwater mountains
  5. The Andes mountains
  6. In South America’s Amazon River Basin
  7. The Amazon River
  8. Isthmus
  9. Pampas
  10. Tributaries
  11. Rain forest
  12. Middle America






Page 339 What three regions make up Latin America?

Middle America (Mexico and Central America), the Caribbean, and South America.


Latin America is located in the W. Hemisphere, south of the United States.


Page 341

Describe the Andes mountain range.  The Andes Mountain range are about 5,500 miles long and rise to about 20,000 feet at the their highest.  They are not easy to travel across, but many people farm in the region.


Latin America is a region of variety and contrast.

Mexico and Central America

  • Mountains dominate Middle America
  • Mexico’s central plateau lies between two mountain ranges.
  • Most people live in the central plateau
  • It is difficult to travel through the mountains
  • Central A. is an isthmus
  • Between the coastal plains are steep, rugged mountains, with many active volcanoes

The Caribbean

  • This region has two types of islands: smaller islands made up of coral and larger ones are made from the tops of underwater volcanoes
  • Mountain ranges, lowlands, and plains, along their coasts are found in this area
  • Beautiful landscapes, sandy beaches, and coral reefs make this a great vacation spot.

South America

  • This continent has many types of landforms, Andes Mountains being the most impressive
  • The Andes run some 5,500 miles along the W. coast of
  1. America
  • The Andes are steep and difficult to cross-even so, many people farm in this region
  • East of the Andes are rolling highlands
  • Further S. are pampas, flat grasslands (like the Great Plains of US)
  • The Amazon River Basin contains the largest tropical rain forest in the world, one-third of the continent.

Latin America’s Waterways

  • America has some of the longest and largest bodies of water in the world.
  • Rivers serve as natural highways in places where it is hard to build roads.
  • Fish from the rivers provide food.
  • Rushing water from large rivers provides power for electricity.
  • The Amazon gathers power from more than 1,000 tributaries that spill into it.
  • The Parana, Paraguay, and Uruguay rivers form the Rio de la Plata system





Section 1: Assessment

  1. Middle America, the Caribbean, and South America
  2. Middle America lies just south of the US; the Caribbean is east of Middle America; S. America is south of the Caribbean.


2a. The main landforms of Latin America are mountains, plains, rain forests, plateaus, highlands, and desert.

  1. Mountains make it difficult to travel, but some people are able to farm in the region.

3a. Amazon

3b. It carries 20 percent of all fresh water on Earth, has more than 1,000 tributaries, and drains more than two million square miles.

  1. People use rivers for travel, electricity, and as a source of food.













Section 2: Climate and Vegetation


  1. El Nino: a warming of the ocean water along the western coast of South America
  2. Elevation: the height of land above sea level
  3. Economy: the ways that goods and services are produced and made available to people

El Nino

  • Fish that usually thrive in the cold waters of the Pacific O. are driven away.
  • Areas that usually have dry weather get heavy rains, and low-lying regions are flooded.
  • In other parts of Latin America, drought plagues the land and the people.
  • El Nino is one of the factors that affect the climate in L. America.

The Climates of Latin America

  • Climate in Latin America can vary greatly even within the same country.
  • Caribbean-sunny and warm; fierce hurricanes-are a part of life for people living there.

Climate regions of Latin America

  • A tropical wet climate means hot, humid, and rainy weather all year round.
  • Latin America: tropical wet and dry climate; equally hot, but there is a rainy season
  • Mexico and Brazil and most of the Caribbean have a tropical wet and dry climate.
  • Argentina, Uruguay, and Paraguay has a humid sub-tropical climate

Page 345 Describe a tropical wet and dry climate.

A tropical wet and dry climate has hot weather all year long, with a humid, rainy season and a drier season.




Factors that affect climate

  • Elevation
  • Location
  • Wind patterns
  • And El Nino


Page 346 How does nearness to the Equator affect climate?

Regions near the Equator usually have warm climates unless the region’s elevation is high.


Climate, Plants, and People

  • Rainforest-dense and lush; almost no sunlight reaches the ground; thousands of plants, animals, trees species; hot and heavy with moisture
  • Atacama Desert: The Andes shield this dry region from rain

Crops and Climate

  • Temperature and rainfall affect not only what plants grow naturally in a region, but also what crops people can grow there.
  • Sugar cane, coffee, and bananas require warm weather and abundant rainfall.


Elevation and Vegetation

  • Elevation also affects vegetation
  • Higher elevations, plants must be able to withstand cooler temperatures, strong winds, and irregular rainfall.
  • It is too cold and windy for trees to grow above the tree lines.
  • But plants that grow low like grasses are found there and so are birds, bats, mice, foxes, and Llamas.








Section 2: Assessment

  1. The climate regions of Latin America include: tropical wet-hot, humid, and rainy all year; tropical wet and dry-hot and rainy during part of the year, and hot and dry the rest of the year; humid subtropical-hot and wet summers, cool and damp winters; and arid-dry.


1b Climates affect the variety and success of crops and the type of clothing and shelter needed to survive.


2a: Three factors that affect climate are elevation, location, and wind patterns.


2b. Two areas near the Equator have very different climates because one area may have a higher elevation and thus a colder climate than the other.

3a. Two factors that affect the vegetation that grows in the region would be temperature and amount of rainfall; (elevation too).


Section 3: Resources and Land Use


  1. Natural resources: things found in nature that people can use to meet their needs
  2. Hydroelectricity: electric power produced by rushing water
  3. One-resource economy: a country’s economy based largely on one resource or crop
  4. Diversify: to add variety


Latin America’s Resources: are as varied as it physical features and climate.


Page 355 What kinds of products are made from South America’s forests?

Trees and plants from South America’s forest are used to make buildings and furniture, supply coconuts and other food products, as a source of medicines, and for research.


How is Brazil diversifying its economy? Brazil is diversifying its economy by making machinery, steel, and chemicals.


Page 358


  1. Done on worksheet page 108]
  2. Middle America and South America both have minerals, oil, trees, and fertile soil.
  3. How can rich soil and a mild climate benefit the economy of a region?

They enable a region to grow crops like coffee, corn, citrus fruit, potatoes, barley, wheat, and apples, which all benefit an economy.

  1. A )What resources have Venezuela and El Salvador depended on in the past?

Venezuela has depended on oil, while El Salvador depended mainly on coffee.

  1. b) Was depending on these resources good for the economies of these countries?

No- both Venezuela’s and El Salvador’s economies were hurt by depending on one resource.


Give supporting evidence from the chapter: South America is a region of great variety and many contrasts.


  • Give specific details; Deserts/rainforest
  • 5-7 sentences
  • Loose-leaf or notebook